In partnership with three universities, the Cooper Institute in Dallas, completed the Texas Youth Fitness Study from 2008 to 2009. The study explored three key questions:
- Is physical fitness associated with academic performance?
- Can physical education teachers collect high-quality information on student fitness?
- Are school policies and environments associated with youth fitness?
To answer those questions, researchers analyzed data from fitness tests of students in grades 3 to 12 across the state. School districts must collect and submit these data to the Texas Education Agency.
Among other findings the researchers reported in a 2010 supplement to the Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, is that there are small but consistently positive associations between fitness and academic achievement and attendance. There is an inverse association between fitness and negative school incidents.