Field of Work: Research on health and health care disparities among Latinos and other minority groups
Problem Synopsis: Latinos are the nation's largest and fastest growing minority population, and they face substantial health disparities on the basis of country of birth, English-speaking ability, degree of assimilation and other sociocultural factors. However, most research does not distinguish among these subgroups. Other minority groups also face significant disparities and a lack of research. Relatively few researchers have been trained to examine the heterogeneity among these populations.
Synopsis of the Work: Researchers at the Pew Hispanic Center surveyed more than 4,000 individuals to learn how language, immigration status and other socioeconomic characteristics influence health in diverse Latino populations.
The University of California, Los Angeles, established a Network for Multicultural Research, assembling a national team of scholars to examine quality of care and health disparities, focusing on chronic diseases, among minority groups such as Latinos and American Indians. As of August 2011, researchers had published 46 peer-reviewed articles and one book chapter, with six articles and one book chapter in press.
Key Findings: Among the survey and research findings:
- Almost three quarters of Latino adults had a usual place where they seek medical help or advice, while 27 percent did not.
- Slightly less than one-quarter of Latinos who have received health care in the past five years reported receiving poor-quality treatment.
- Undocumented Latinos are less likely to have health insurance, to receive preventive services, to receive health information from doctors or to rate their health care as excellent or good.
- Disparities in quality of care and treatment for specific diseases are widespread among Latinos, some Latino subgroups, and Blacks. Health indicators are worsening among some subpopulations, such as Mexican Americans, American Indians and Alaskan natives.
- Heterogeneity in Health Insurance Coverage Among US Latino Adults
- Studying Overweight and Obesity Among Latinos
- Confronting Inequities in Latino Health Care
- Disparities: Policy Recommendations
- Health Disparities in the Latino Population
- Hispanics and Health Care in the United States
- Conference Explores Role of Research in Strengthening Long-Term Care
Executive Nurse Fellow Jerry Mansfield explains why the University Hospital and the Richard M. Ross Heart Hospital do not have a BSN-only hi...
We create new opportunities for better health by investing in health where it starts—in our homes, schools, and jobs.
The What's Next Health series features leading thinkers and visionaries. Stanford social scientist & innovator BJ Fogg discusses his model f...
RWJF Nurse Faculty Scholar Jennifer Bellot writes about losing her grandmother to complications from a medical error.
Developing small community homes as alternatives to nursing homes, this radical, new national model for skilled nursing care returns control...
America is not getting good value for its health care dollar. These resources explore issues of cost and value of health care.
Patrick M. Krueger recently co-authored a study that examines the characteristics and mortality risks of nondrinker subgroups to explain why...
Helping us understand what’s driving high health care costs is why we need more transparency in the prices, costs and quality of health care...
A new study finds healthier school meals standards could mean lower obesity rates among lower-income children. Read a Q&A with the author.
Judith Halstead, president of the National League for Nursing, writes about the role of nursing education in realizing a transformed health ...
While the need to address disparities in care is well known, few strategies for reducing disparities have been studied systematically.
Some individuals get to optimize their health while others are denied such opportunities; inefficiencies, inequities, and persistent dispari...